MBBS questions collection of Abdomen

Abdomen

Anterior abdominal wall

  1. What is rectus sheath? Give its formation and contents.
  2. Steps of dissection of rectos sheath. What is actuate line?
  3. Arteries of the anterior abdominal wall. SH: Epigastric artery.
  4. Structures in hypogastric region. Situation: Liver, stomach, Rt.kidney.
  5. Hernia, indirect inguinal hernia, and direct inguinal hernia . Difference between them.
  6. Boundary and content of inguinal canal with clinical importance.
  7. Divide the abdominal into the different regions (draw and level ) with content.
  8. What is Hesselbach's triangle?

The diaphragm

  1. What is diaphragm? Give its nerve supply.
  2. Major opening of the diaphragm with vertebral level and structures passing. Through them.
  3. Nerve supply of diaphragm on the embryological background.
  4. Development of diaphragm.
  5. SN: central tendon.
  6. The action of the diaphragm.

Stomach

  1. Draw and label the different part of stomach. Give lymphatic drainage of the stomach.
  2. Draw and level of the stomach. What is gastric pit?
  3. Blood supply nerve supply and lymphatic drainage of the stomach.
  4. What is stomach bed? Give formation of it. Draw and label.
  5. What is the gastric pit? Branch of celiac trunk. Clinical importance of stomach.
  6. Give the histological structure of stomach. The mucosa of stomach.
  7. Give the histological feature of the oesophagus.
  8. Rotation of stomach in embryonic life. Development of stomach.
  9. What is the gastric canal?

Duodenum

  1. Write the visceral relations of the first part of duodenum. Explain blood supply of duodenum on development background. What is duodenal cap?
  2. Relation of first part of duodenum . Histological feature s of duodenum. Intestinal villi.
  3. Describe second part of duodenum with clinical importance. Extention and structures open into it.
  4. What is duodenal cap? Give its clinical importance.
  5. Blood supply and development of duodenum.

Jejunum and Ileum

  1. Macroscopic and microscopic difference between jejunum and Ileum.
  2. Macroscopic and microscopic difference between small and large intestine.
  3. Different positions of the appendix with structure, blood supply and clinical importance.
  4. Congenital megacolon.
  5. Mention the different positions, artery supply and clinical importance of vermiform appendix

Anal Canal

  1. Describe anal canal. Interior of anal canal . Interior features of upper 15 mm of anal canal with clinical importance.
  2. Give the internal features of upper 15 mm of anal canal. Mention the significance of pectinates line.
  3. What is anal column? Give its development.
  4. SN: Pectinate line . Hemorrhoids pudendal canal .
  5. Give blood supply, lymphatic drainage, nerve supply and clinical importance if anal canal.
  6. Formation and nerve supply of external and internal anal sphincter.
  7. Boundary and contents of ischiorectal fossa with clinical importance.
  8. Development of anal canal.
  9. Five important between upper and lower part of anal canal.
  10. What is imperforated anus.

Liver

  1. What is the anatomical and physiological lobe of the liver? Support os liver.
  2. What is hepatic lobule, portal lobule and portal acinus's with functional importance?
  3. Write about parts, nerve supply, and histology of gall bladder, write a note on common bile duct.
  4. Relation of Rt lateral surface of liver with clinical importance.
  5. Development of liver , formation, and tributaries of portal vein.
  6. Give formation and distribution of portal vein. Mention sites of Porto Caval anastomosis.what are esophageal varices.
  7. Draw and level a classical hepatic lobule . Histological structure of Liver.
  8. Sites of portosystemic anastomosis in our body. Relation of interior surface of liver.
  9. Short note: portal vein.

Pancreas

  1. Parts of pancreas. Gross anatomy of head of pancreas.
  2. Blood supply and development of pancreas.
  3. What is annular pancreas?
  4. Histological structure of pancreas. What is pancreatic acini?
  5. Mention relations of head and neck of pancreas.

Spleen

  1. SN: a) visceral surface of the spleen. B) splenic pulp. C) red and white pulp
  2. Histological features of spleen.
  3. Mode if blood supply if spleen.
  4. Ligaments of spleen and their content.

Kidney

  1. Draw and label a coronal section through the kidney showing naked eye give sources of development of adults kidney. What is agenesis of the kidney.
  2. Different parts of uriniferous tubules. What is renal sinus?
  3. What is nephron? Draw and label different parts of it.its dev.
  4. Distribution of renal sinus fascia. Factors responsible for ascend s of kidney.
  5. Blood supply and development of kidney . Development anomalies of the kidney.
  6. Draw and label a coronal section of kidney showing its different microscopic structures.
  7. Derivation of mesonephric and paramesonephric ducts of kidney in both sexes.
  8. Short note: a) Polycystic kidney b)Ectopia varicose
  9. Relation of right (anterior surface)and left kidney (posterior).

Suprarenal gland

  1. Describe suprarenal gland. Dev of suprarenal gland. Histological structure if suprarenal gland.

Ureter and urinary bladder

  1. Course and relations of pelvic part of ureter. What is urectal fistula?
  2. SH: Trigone of urinary bladder. Boundary and clinical importance.
  3. Development of urinary bladder. Histological structure of urinary bladder.

Prostate

  1. Mention the anatomical lobes and histology of prostate.
  2. Write about prostate. Capsule of the prostate.
  3. Histological structure and clinical importance of prostate.
  4. Name the lobes of the prostate. Which lobe is more imp. Clinically and why?

Urethra

  1. Mention different parts and development of male urethra. What is hypostasis?
  2. Features of prostatic part of urethra.

Male genitalia

  1. Parts of male genitalia. Transverse section of penis.
  2. Homologous part of male and female genitalia. Give its dev and structures.

Penis

  1. Parts of penis. Support and blood supply, nerves supply of penis.
  2. What is erectile tissue? Name different erectile tissue of penis.

Female genitalia

Uterus

  1. Give the normal position and primary supports of uterus. What is uterus didelphys? Mention formation and clinical importance of pouch of Douglas.
  2. Parts and normal position of uterus.
  3. What is anti-flexion and anti version of uterus? What is uterus bicorn is? What is uterus didelphys?
  4. Supports of uterus. Ectopic pregnancy
  5. Histological features of endometrial of uterus. What is ovulation?
  6. Draw and label different parts of uterus. Discuss structure of endometrium of uterus at different stages of menstrual cycle.

Vagina

  1. Fornices of vagina with clinical importance. What is vaginal fornix?

Uterine tube

  1. Histological structure and development of uterine tube.
  2. Clinical importance of uterine tube. Parts and blood supply of uterine tube.

Ovary

  1. Explain location and development of ovary. Draw and label light microscopic features of ovary.
  2. Histological structure of ovary.
  3. Boundary of ovarian fossae. What is ovarian fimbriae?

Others

  1. Epiploic foramen, spermatic cord. Pouch of Douglas physiological umbilical hernia.
  2. Mention the boundaries and characteristics of trigone of urinary bladder. What is pelvic kidney.
  3. Boundary and contents of deep perineal pouch.
  4. What hypospadias and pudendal block? Name the retroperitoneal structure.
  5. Define cloaca . Mention it’s derivatives in both sexes.
  6. Stomodeum and proctodeum
  7. Define porta- caval anastomosis. Mention three porta- caval anastomosis with clinical importance.
  8. Content of the spermatic cord.
  9. What is Hydrocele?
  10. Name the genital ducts in both sexes and mention their derivatives.