MBBS questions collection of inferior extremity

Gluteal region

  1. Structure passing under gluteus maximus.

Thigh

  1. Give the arrangements of superficial inguinal lymph nodes with their area of drainage and clinical importance.
  2. Name the fascial compartment of the thigh with muscles and their nerve supply.
  3. What is an inguinal ligament? Formation and attachment. Structures passing under the inguinal ligament.
  4. Classify inguinal lymph node with arrangement & area of drainage & clinical importance.
  5. Give the boundaries and contents of the inguinal canal. Mention the clinical importance of the inguinal canal.
  6. What is the iliotibial tract? Attachments and function.
  7. Give the steps of the dissection of the femoral triangle. Distribution of fascia lata.
  8. Give the boundary and contents of the femoral triangle. What is the femoral sheath? Give its formation and content.
  9. Mention the formation and compartments with their contents of the femoral sheath.
  10. What is the femoral canal? Formation and contents with clinical importance.
  11. Give the boundary of the greater sciatic foramen. Structures passing through this foramen.
  12. Name the muscles of the posterior compartment with nerve supply.
  13. What is limb bud? Mention the floe of apical ectoderm ridge and zone of polarizing activity on the development of limb.

Short note:

  1. Adductor canal
  2. Tendocalcanious

Popliteal fossa

  1. Boundary, contents, and steps of dissection of the popliteal fossa.

Muscles

  1. Name the hamstring muscles or muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh with nerve supply and characteristics.
  2. Give the origin, insertion, nerve supply, and action of gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, popliteus, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, Sartorius, adductor Magnus, gastrocnemius muscles, inventors of the foot.
  3. Short note: Hamstring muscles

Nerves

  1. What’s dermatome? Draw and label the dermatome of the lower limb.
  2. Draw and label lumbar plexus.
  3. Describe femoral nerve, obdurate nerve, common peroneal nerve.
  4. Clinical importance of lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh.

Vessels

  1. Classify the veins of the lower limb. What is a varicose vein?
  2. Describe the venous drainage of the lower limb.
  3. Define venous saphenous vein, formation, course, and termination. Give its clinical importance.
  4. What is varicose vein & peripheral heart?
  5. Lymphatic drainage of lower limb
  6. Branches of the femoral artery. Classify veins of the lower limb.
  7. Types of the arterial anastomosis. Give anastomosis around the knee joint.

Short note

  1. Arterial dorsalis pedis
  2. Great saphenous vein

Leg

  1. Give the formation and contents of each compartment of the leg. What is foot drop?
  2. Describe the muscle of the lateral compartment of the leg.
  3. Formation and maintenance of medial longitudinal arch of the foot. What is pes planus?

Short note;

  1. Deep facial of leg
  2. Tendoachilis

Bones & joints

  1. Write about locking and unlocking movements of the knee joint.
  2. Name the movements & formation, responsible muscle of hip joint.
  3. Give origin, insertion, nerve supply, and action of chief extensor of hip.
  4. Name the ligaments of the hip joint, the importance of the arches of the foot.
  5. How hip joint differs from the shoulder joint?
  6. Describe the longitudinal and medial arches of the foot.
  7. Name the cavities & intraarticular structures of knee joint.
  8. State the formation, type, and movements of ankle joint. Mention the factor maintaining the stability of the ankle joint.
  9. Formation and important ligament of the knee joint.
  10. Explain the locking & un-locking of the knee joint and responsible muscles with origin, insertion, nerve supply.
  11. State the formation of longitudinal arches of the foot. Mention the factors responsible for their maintenance. What is club foot?
  12. Why popliteus is called unlocking muscle?
  13. Bursa around the knee joint. Describe the menisci.
  14. What is pes planus & pes cavus.
  15. Formation of the ankle joint with ligaments and their attachment.
  16. Formation & movements of the ankle joint with muscle responsible.
  17. Inversion & eversion? Muscles of these movements.
  18. Formation of the inguinal ligament. List the structure passing beneath it.
  19. Functional classification of facial musculature and their nerve supply.
  20. Origin, insertion, nerve supply of evertors of the foot.
  21. Write about intracapsular structures of knee joint. What is a locked knee?

Short note:

  1. Strongest ligament of hip joint
  2. Inversion & eversion
  3. Deltoid ligament
  4. Spring ligament
  5. Foot drop
  6. Avascular necrosis of head of femur
  7. Femoral hernia
  8. Formation & factors maintaining the stability of the medial longitudinal arch, both longitudinal arches.
  9. Arches of foot