MBBS 1st year questions collection of Brain and Eyeball

Brain and cerebrum

  1. Mention the different parts of the brain. What are the different fibers in the brain?
  2. Define neuron. Classify neurons with examples.
  3. Draw and label neuromuscular spindle.
  4. The important functional area of the frontal lobe. Write their function. Effect of the lesion.
  5. Draw and level the super lateral surface of the cerebral hemisphere. Showing important sulci, functional area, gyro, and blood supply.
  6. Blood supply and histological structure of cerebrum. What type of criteria of blood supply present within this?
  7. Blood supply of frontal lobe. What do you mean by homo and hetero typical cortex?
  8. Types of fibers in cerebrum with example. Blood supply of cerebrum.
  9. Draw and label the internal capsule. Which part is most important and why? Give its blood supply. Write down the tract passing through it.
  10. Draw and label the functional lobes of the cerebellum. Give the function, blood supply, and histology of the cerebellum.
  11. Give the boundary and functional area of the parietal lobe with function and its effect on the lesion?

Short note:

  1. Paracentral lobule
  2. Thalamus with function
  3. Craniosynostosis
  4. Basal nuclei
  5. Limbic system
  6. Blood-brain barrier
  7. Internal capsule

Midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata

  1. Name the cranial nerves arising from the midbrain.
  2. Short note: red nucleus, cerebellum
  3. Mention anatomical & functional lobes of the cerebellum.
  4. Draw and label transverse section of:
  5. At the level of the superior colliculus
  6. Pons: at the level of facial colliculus
  7. Medulla: At the level of inferior Oliver nucleus
  8. Medulla: At the level of pyramidal decussating
  9. At the level of the inferior colliculus

Spinal cord

  1. Draw and label a transverse section of the spinal cord at mid & 5th thoracic level.
  2. Show different ascending & descending tracts.
  3. Give its blood supply.
  4. What will happen if the dorsal column is injured?
  5. Describe the tracts present in dorsal funiculus with their significance.
  6. What is a different spinal enlargement? Mention their location & functional significance.
  7. Draw and label T.S of the spinal cord at mid-cervical region showing important tracts.
  8. Write short note: spinal lemnisci

Tract

  1. Name and function of the extrapyramidal tract. Component of extrapyramidal system.
  2. Different between pyramidal and extrapyramidal tracts.
  3. Trance temperature pathway.
  4. Trace the pyramidal tract.
  5. Trace visual pathway.
  6. Trace the pyramidal pathway, termination, and function. How the pyramidal tract is formed.

Short note;

  1. Corticospinal tract
  2. Pain pathway
  3. Pathway of fasciculus gracilis with its function.

Meninges and CSF

  1. What is lumber puncture? Why we should do this?
  2. Process of dura mater with its clinical importance.
  3. Give the formation, circulation, absorption & function of CSF.
  4. Short note:
  5. Hydrocephalus
  6. Pathway of CSF

Vessels

  1. Draw and label the circle of Willis. Shows its branches and importance.
  2. Give the importance of arterial anastomosis.

Eyeball

  1. The fate of the optic cup. Give formation and parts of the optic cup.
  2. Draw and label the visual pathways. What are neurons involved in this pathway?
  3. Write about the visual center in the cerebral cortex.
  4. Classify the muscles of an eyeball with their nerve supply and action.
  5. Give blood supply and development of the retina.
  6. What is the artery of cerebral hemorrhage?
  7. What is Babinski sign spina bifida?
  8. Define medial medullary syndrome.
  9. Name the layers of Eyeball, Retina, cornea, middle coat, inner coat

Short note:

  1. Cornea
  2. Refractory media of eyeball
  3. Optic chiasma and its effects of lesion
  4. An intraocular muscle with nerve supply
  5. Coloboma
  6. UMN-UMNL
  7. LMN-LMNL