Head neck and scalp
- Define the scalp. Mention its blood supply and nerve supply.
- Name the layer of the scalp. Which layer is more important and why?
- Give the nerve supply of face according to the development of development background.
- What is the bell’s palsy? Draw & label cutaneous supply of face.
- Describe the venous drainage of the face with clinical importance & dangerous area of the face.
- Give the boundary and contents of the suboccipital triangle.
- Steps of dissection of the anterior triangle and its division.
- Give the boundary and contents of the carotid triangle.
- Steps of dissection of the posterior triangle with boundary and contents.
- Explain the arrangement and attachment of the investing layer of deep cervical fascia.
- Mention the clinical importance of the cervical rib. What is torticollis?
- What is carotid sheath? Name the subdivision of anterior and posterior triangle.
- Draw and labels the posterior triangle of the neck. Gives its boundary and contents?
- Parts and branches of the internal carotid artery.
- Boundary and contents of orbit.
- Name the extra-ocular muscles with their nerve supply and action.
- Trace the pathway of the tear. Give the effect of oculomotor nerve paralysis.
- What is the lacrimal apparatus? Give the location, nerve supply of the lachrymal gland.
- Mode of innervations of the lacrimal gland and its clinical importance.
- Short note: Lacrimal apparatus.
- Give the relations of the parotid gland? What are the structures embedded within this gland?
- Write the location, parts, structure, histology, relation, development, and blood supply of the thyroid gland.
- Why thyroid swelling moves with deglutition. Write the congenital anomaly of the thyroid gland.
- Give the nerve supply of the parotid gland. How is it opened?
- Give the development and histological structure of the pituitary gland. Give its blood supply.
- Mention location, histology, structure, blood supply, nerve supply, development of palatine tonsil. What is adenoid clinical importance?
- Short note: parotid duct
Mouth and tongue
- What is waldeyer’s ring? Write its importance.
- Give the development of the hard palate.
- How soft palate is formed. Give nerve supply and action of muscle of soft palate in swallowing?
- What is a cleft lip?
Nose and paranasal air sinuses
- Give the formation, blood supply, and lining epithelium of nasal septum.
- Give the different parts of the nasal cavity.
- Describe the lateral wall of the nose and its nerve supply. What is little’s area?
- Name the paranasal air sinuses and mention their sites of drainage with lining epithelium.
- Gove the anatomical features of maxillary sinuses. Why so maxillary sinusitis more common? How maxillary hiatus is closed.
- How the intermaxillary segment is formed. What is the fate of the intermaxillary segment?
- Mention the parts of the nose
- Short note:
- Nasal septum formation with blood supply
- Epitasis, little’s area
- Olfactory pathway
- Paranasal air sinus
- Mention extension and interior of the larynx. Mention its nerve supply. Give subdivision of larynx with lining epithelium.
- Name the cartilage of larynx with their type. Nerve supply of larynx.
- Give the boundary and clinical importance of piriform fossa.
- Give the effect of recurrent nerve paralysis.
- Name the intrinsic and extrinsic muscle of larynx with nerve supply.
- Movement & formation of the vocal fold. Give its blood supply.
- Give the development of the tongue. Explain its nerve supply according to its development.
- What is foramen caecum?
- Give the histological features of the tongue. Give the development anomaly of the tongue.
- Give the boundary, content, communication, development, and clinical importance of the middle ear cavity.
- Give the parts of the internal ear? Give the component of membranous labyrinth and bony labyrinth.
- Give the structure of the organ of Corti and its importance.
- Write the development of the internal ear.
- Trace the auditory pathway.
- What is otitis media? Why it is more common in children?
- Short note:
- Tympanic membrane with development and nerve supply
- Crista ampullarisa
- Organ of corti
- Give the different parts of the pharynx with their extension.
- What is nasopharynx? Give its important features on the roof, posterior, and lateral wall. What is adenoid?
- Short note:
- Pyriform fossa
- Waldeyer’s ring
- Short note
- Vertebral artery( origin, course, and termination)
- Meningeal artery
- Internal vertebral venous plexus
- Artery of cerebral hemorrhage with clinical importance.
- Name and classification of the dural venous sinus.
- Give the communication & clinical importance of cavernous sinus. Write the effect of its thrombosis.
- Write down about superior sagittal sinus with clinical importance.
- Formation, termination, tributaries of the internal jugular vein.
Nerve and ganglia
- Name the peripheral parasympathetic ganglia. Mention their location and connection.
- Location, relation, connection, and structure supplied by ciliary ganglia.
- Name the nucleus of the facial nerve. the functional component of the facial nerve. Structure supplied by the facial nerve. Give its branches at the styloid foramen.
- Name the nuclei & functional component of the vagus nerve.
- Give the secretomotor supply of the major salivary gland.
- Give the formation and distribution of the accessory nerve.
- Nuclei, functional components, and division with the nature of the trigeminal nerve.
- Give the formation of a spinal nerve. Mention its branches and functional component.
- Short note: Bell’s palsy
- Name the infrahyoid and suprahyoid muscle.
- Give the origin, insertion, nerve supply, development of:
- Muscle of mastication
- Lateral pterygoid
Bones and joints
- Name the type of atlantoaxial joint with their movement.
- What is fontanelle? Its clinical importance.
- Short note on the temporomandibular joint. Why it is called atypical synovial joint? What are its specialties? Gives movement and muscle responsible for each movement.